Operations in a Sorted Array

Inserting in a sorted array, checking if an array is sorted and shifting negative elements to the left of array.

Inserting in a Sorted Array :

To insert a new element in a sorted array, keep shifting the rightmost elements to the right by 1 until the element to be inserted is not greater than the element to be shifted.
void insertInSorted(int a[], int n, int x) {
​
int i = n-1; // Shift from right
// Shifting elements to the right
while (i >= 0 && a[i] > x) {
a[i+1] = a[i];
i--;
}
// Inserting element in proper position
a[i+1] = x;
}

Checking if an Array is Sorted :

To check if an array is sorted, compare the ith element with (i+1)th element and check if ith element is greater than (i+1)th element. If it is so, this means that the array is not sorted.
int isSorted(int a[], int n) {
​
// Iterate till length - 1
for(int i = 0; i < n-1; i++) {
// Case for unsorted array
if (a[i] > a[i+1]) {
return 0;
}
}
return 1;
}

Rearranging an Array

In this operation, all the negative numbers in the array are moved to the left side of the array while all the positive numbers are moved to the right side of the array.
void rearrange(int a[], int n) {
int j = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
// If negative number => Swap a[i] and a[j]
if (a[i] < 0) {
if (i != j) {
swap(&a[i], &a[j]);
}
j++;
}
}
}
Contributed by Nitin Ranganath